CompTIA Security Plus Mock Test Q1066

A security engineer is asked by the company’s development team to recommend the most secure method for password storage. Which of the following provide the BEST protection against brute forcing stored passwords? (Select TWO).

A. PBKDF2
B. MD5
C. SHA2
D. Bcrypt
E. AES
F. CHAP


Correct Answer: A,D
Section: Cryptography

Explanation:
A: PBKDF2 (Password-Based Key Derivation Function 2) is part of PKCS #5 v. 2.01. It applies some function (like a hash or HMAC) to the password or passphrase along with Salt to
produce a derived key.
D: bcrypt is a key derivation function for passwords based on the Blowfish cipher. Besides incorporating a salt to protect against rainbow table attacks, bcrypt is an adaptive function:
over time, the iteration count can be increased to make it slower, so it remains resistant to brute-force search attacks even with increasing computation power.
The bcrypt function is the default password hash algorithm for BSD and many other systems.

References:
Dulaney, Emmett and Chuck Eastton, CompTIA Security+ Study Guide, 6th Edition, Sybex, Indianapolis, 2014, pp. 109-110, 139, 143, 250, 255-256, 256