On a train, an individual is watching a proprietary video on Joe’s laptop without his knowledge. Which of the following does this describe?
B. Shoulder surfing
D. Illegal downloading
Correct Answer: B
Section: Threats and Vulnerabilities
Looking at information on a computer screen without the computer user’s knowledge is known as shoulder surfing.
Shoulder surfing is using direct observation techniques, such as looking over someone’s shoulder, to get information. Shoulder surfing is an effective way to get information in crowded
places because it’s relatively easy to stand next to someone and watch as they fill out a form, enter a PIN number at an ATM machine, or use a calling card at a public pay phone.
Shoulder surfing can also be done long distance with the aid of binoculars or other vision-enhancing devices. To prevent shoulder surfing, experts recommend that you shield
paperwork or your keypad from view by using your body or cupping your hand.
A: Tailgating in IT security would be an unauthorized person following and authorized person into a building or room such as a datacenter. If a building has a card reader where an
authorized person can hold up a card to the reader to unlock the door, someone tailgating could follow the authorized person into the building by walking through the door before it
closes and locks. Tailgating is not what is described in this question.
C: There are many different types of interference. A common type of interference is something that can affect a wireless signal. Interference is not what is described in this question.
D: Illegal downloading is the unauthorized downloading of content usually from the Internet. In this question, the individual is watching a proprietary video on Joe’s laptop; the individual
has not downloaded it.